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An archive of Cooperative Grocer magazine articles going back to 1985.

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The Past as Prelude
by Art Danforth

During the 1960s and the 1970s, when "new wave" co-ops were thriving, one other consumer goods co-op all by itself probably exceeded all of them put together in number of members, lives touched,...

09 Jan 2004 #010 April - May - 1987
When the Price Is Right
by Rex Stewart

Customers are complaining, "Prices are too high"; "Safeway only charges 98 cents for milk"; "Your produce prices are too high." Yet, at the same tirne, your gross margin is only 24 percent, and...

09 Jan 2004 #010 April - May - 1987
Assessing Management Performance
by Karen Zimbelman

The good news is: you're not alone. Many co-op boards of directors and managers find the prospect of a formal management performance appraisal very uncomfortable to face.

The reasons cited...

09 Jan 2004 #009 February - March - 1987
Assessing Management Performance
by Geoffrey F. Smith

The good news is: you're not alone. Many co-op boards of directors and managers find the prospect of a formal management performance appraisal very uncomfortable to face.

The reasons cited...

09 Jan 2004 #009 February - March - 1987
Why Co-ops Die: An Exchange
by Robert GrottWhy Co-ops Die: An Historical Analysis

By Robert Grott

09 Jan 2004 #009 February - March - 1987
Why Co-ops Die: An Exchange
by Jesse SingermanWhy Co-ops Die: An Historical Analysis

By Robert Grott

09 Jan 2004 #009 February - March - 1987
Why Co-ops Die: An Exchange
by Dave GutknechtWhy Co-ops Die: An Historical Analysis

By Robert Grott

09 Jan 2004 #009 February - March - 1987
Establishing Produce Quality: Jack Alexander Interview
by Staff

Cooperative Grocer: Jack, you've worked with a number of co-ops, of various types. What are some of the common problems in produce?

09 Jan 2004 #009 February - March - 1987
Pricing for Results: Part 1
by Rex Stewart

Pricing is a crucial but often misunderstood aspect of retailing. Questions about pricing include the relation between margin and markup, the effect of lowering prices, how to price sale items,...

09 Jan 2004 #009 February - March - 1987
Another Look at Member Labor
by Dave Gutknecht

"Boon or Bane?" was the title question in a section on member labor in the first issue of Cooperative Grocer (October-November 1985). And in discussing the issue, it's difficult not to try to be...

09 Jan 2004 #008 December - January - 1987
Managing Working Members
by David Barry

Member work is still the subject of a lot of controversy in many new wave food co-ops. Staff members at many stores particularly feel that member work is something that makes their jobs much...

09 Jan 2004 #008 December - January - 1987
Evaluating Co-op Boards
by Sue Futrell

One of the important jobs of a co-op board is to evaluate -- evaluate the management, evaluate the co-op's financial performance, evaluate the membership and structure of the co-op, and...

09 Jan 2004 #008 December - January - 1987
Survival Issues
by Dave Gutknecht

As this issue of Cooperative Grocer was being prepared for the printer, word arrived of the closing of Starflower Natural Foods & Botanicals in Eugene, Oregon. Their services will be missed...

09 Jan 2004 #008 December - January - 1987
The Co-op Difference and Capital
by Dave Gutknecht

What distinguishes the cooperative store from other retails will vary according to the features of the particular market the store is in and how the co-op has defined its niche in that market....

09 Jan 2004 #008 December - January - 1987
Suggestion Box: As Good As a Ballot Box
by Harrison Drinkwater

It's not a computer, it's not a new touch-tone phone system. It's not even fancy. But it can do a lot for communications within your co-op-and it's cheap to operate.

It's a...

09 Jan 2004 #008 December - January - 1987
Building an Advertising Strategy
by Rex Stewart

What is an advertising strategy? Basically, it is the formulation of a message that communicates to the market the benefits or problem solution characteristics of the product or service. Well,...

09 Jan 2004 #007 October - November - 1986
Taking a Hard Look at 'The Co-op Difference'
by Ruffin Slater

When a competing natural foods store comes to town, it forces a co-op to sit up and take notice. In 1981, when Wellspring Grocery opened four blocks from the Food Co-op in Durham, North Carolina,...

09 Jan 2004 #006 August - September - 1986
Characteristics of Effective Supervisors
by Carolee Colter

Whether you oversee a whole department of employees or one assistant manager or an ever-changing group of volunteers, you as a supervisor are ultimately responsible for the work of others. This...

09 Jan 2004 #006 August - September - 1986
Formulating a Market Strategy
by Rex Stewart

In the previous article, we talked primarily about tools to determine your market niche and ways to utilize these tools in gathering information to determine your store's market position. With...

09 Jan 2004 #006 August - September - 1986
Director Compensation: They Deserve It -- Or Should
by Karen Zimbelman

[Written with the assistance of Margaret Goldstein and Josh Cohen.]

Director compensation: the idea is commanding more and more attention among smaller cooperatives. Leadership and...

09 Jan 2004 #005 June - July - 1986
Determining Your Market Niche
by Rex Stewart

We are cooperatives out there -- that much we know. But what does that mean as far as your store's niche in a marketplace of food stores? "Co-op" can and has at any given time served many...

09 Jan 2004 #005 June - July - 1986
Stormy Weather in California
by Dave Gutknecht

The past year has been a difficult one for Associated Cooperatives Inc. (ACI), the wholesale in Richmond, California, and for some of its member retail co-ops.

09 Jan 2004 #004 April - May - 1986
Duties and Responsibilities of Cooperative Board Members
by Kathryn Sedo

Members of the board of directors of a cooperative have the same duties and responsibilities as do board members of any other business. In addition, they have a few other responsibilities that...

09 Jan 2004 #004 April - May - 1986
Keeping Staff Committed to the Cooperative
by Carolee Colter

Staff turnover may not be measurable in costs, but it can seriously cripple a co-op. All employees of more than a few months represent a significant investment in training. A long term worker who...

09 Jan 2004 #003 February - March - 1986
Mail Balloting or Member Meetings?
by Harrison DrinkwaterPick One: Quantity or Quality

By Harrison Drinkwater

"The day we lost the Co-op was the day we switched to mail ballots," said Michael O'Reilly,* a former president of the Vermont Electricity...

09 Jan 2004 #003 February - March - 1986